Under the New York Health Care Proxy Law you can appoint someone you trust to make health care decisions for you if you lose the ability to make those decisions yourself. That person is considered your health care proxy or agent.
A health care proxy is a way to eliminate confusion among your loved ones and health care providers about your health care wishes should you no longer b able t make those decsions yourself. Hospitals, doctors, and other medical providers must follow the agent’s decisions as if they were your own.
Here are a some common questions and answers about health care proxies:
Who can be your health care agent?
Anyone 18 years of age or older, including a family member or close friend can be your health care proxy.
A doctor can act either as your proxy or your attending doctor, but not as both simultaneously. A number of special rules apply to patients or residents of a nursing home, hospital, or mental health facility who want to name a staff member as an agent.
What powers do health care proxies have?
Your proxy can decide how your wishes apply as your medical condition changes, but he or she is legally obligated to always act in your best interest.
The person you select as your health care agent will have as little or as much authority as you want. You may allow your agent to make all health care decisions or only certain ones.
A health care proxy is different from a living will because it does not require that you know in advance all the decisions that may arise. Nevertheless, you may give your agent instructions that he or she must follow and specify on the form the treatments you do or do not want.
Also, note that you can continue to make health care decisions for yourself as long as you’re able. You can also cancel the authority given to your agent by informing him or her or your health care provider orally or in writing.
To appoint a health care proxy, you and your agent must sign a New York health care proxy form in the presence of two adult witnesses. This is best done in an attorney’s office like the Law Offices of Jeffrey Weinstein. Mr Weinstein is an estate professional and can guide you through what you need to do to insure your wishes are carried out.
Here are some instances when you would need a proxy:
- You are in a coma from an accident or illness.
- You are terminally ill and not expected to recover.
- You have Alzheimer’s or another form of dementia.
- You are under general anesthesia, when something unexpected occurs.
- You are in a persistent vegetative state.
- You suffered from an illness that left you unable to communicate.